Adults across Texas can receive Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits if they have a disability that prevents them from being able to work.

Applicants for Social Security disability benefits typically must have paid into Social Security by working enough hours over the years. Financial compensation is based on the amount you've earned. This benefit may also apply to your spouse or child.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) may also be available for disabled, low-income Texas residents. SSI is an income-based disability service that assists disabled adults and children with cash payments.

SSDI and SSI can help recipients in Texas pay for health, personal care, and daily living expenses.

Texas' Programs

According to the CDC, Texas disability is the same as the national average, with 25.6% of adults in the state having disability issues. In total, Texas had 644,093 SSI recipients in 2019. The CDC also reports that 4.3% of Texans have difficulty completing self-care tasks, like bathing and dressing, while 13.3% have severe mobility challenges.

Social Security Disability Insurance benefits and SSI are both available to any Texas resident who qualifies. However, these are federal disability services from the Social Security Administration (SSA), unlike state-run programs like Texas unemployment benefits and Texas Medicaid.

How To Qualify for SSDI in Texas

SSDI is a federal program, though each state manages its applications through a state agency. In Texas, SSDI benefits are managed through the Disability Determination Services (DDS), a part of the Texas Department of Health and Human Services.

To qualify for SSDI benefits in Texas, a person must meet all of the following eligibility guidelines:

  • Disability - A qualifying person needs to meet the SSA definition of having a disability. In most cases, as detailed in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 20, Chapter III, § 404.1505. Basic definition of disability issues. It states, "The law defines disability as the inability to do any substantial gainful activity by reason of any medically determinable physical or mental impairment which can be expected to result in death, or which has lasted or can be expected to last for a continuous period of not less than 12 months." If someone meets these requirements, they are entitled to reasonable accommodations based on their situation.

  • Paying In - Individuals must pay into the Social Security system through their taxes. This is part of the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax for employed individuals. Employees pay half of the tax, while the employer pays the other half. Self-employed individuals pay both portions of the FICA tax.

  • Work Credits - An individual must earn work credits to qualify for Texas disability benefits. The number of credits you earn depends on your income, and you can get up to four credits per year. Most individuals need at least 40 credits to qualify for SSDI benefits.

How To Apply for SSDI in Texas

To apply for SSDI in Texas, you can fill out an online application, visit one of 66 Texas SSA field offices for a paper application, or call the SSA to apply over the phone. Take note that it can take several weeks for a determination, and SSDI benefits will not begin until five months after the SSA determines when you first became disabled.

Before you fill out the application, be sure to have your Social Security number, your spouse's Social Security number, and detailed information about your disability handy. Applicants can download a Disability Starter Kit to learn more about the application process and prepare to complete the application properly.

How To Appeal a Denial in Texas

Texas residents can choose to appeal a denial if they receive one from the SSA. If your initial claim has been denied, you'll receive a letter in the mail that includes information about filing an appeal. You'll usually have 60 days from receiving the notice to file your appeal.

In most cases, you can file an SSDI appeal online or have a disability lawyer do it for you. The first step in the process is reconsideration, followed by a hearing by an administrative law judge. The hearing will take place at your nearest Texas SSA Office of Hearing Operations, as noted below. You can also request one of these hearings online through the SSA website.

Further appeals move to the Appeals Council, followed by a review by the federal court, the final decision-maker for appeals.

More Texas Benefits

Texas offers other benefits to individuals who may need assistance paying for their bills, health care costs, and basic needs.

Apply for SSI in Texas

SSI can be paid to qualifying adults or children in Texas who have a disability and are considered low-income. The program also pays out to individuals 65 and older who aren't disabled but meet the income guidelines for reasonable accommodations. This aspect of the program is designed to maintain independent living while still using social security taxes wisely.

The applications for each program are similar, but not the same. However, you can apply for both programs simultaneously if you'd like. In Texas, SSA automatically checks if an individual qualifies for SSI if they apply for SSDI.

Texas Medicaid

Texas Medicaid provides low-income recipients with medical coverage. Children can also qualify for Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) in Texas. To qualify for Medicaid, individuals must meet income guidelines and be:

  • Disabled or have a house member with a disability

  • Bling

  • 65 or older

  • Responsible for a child 18 years or younger

  • Pregnant

Learn more about Texas Medicaid and its benefits.

Texas Unemployment

Texas pays individuals who are out of work cash payments to supplement their loss of income until they find a new job or are no longer laid off. The Texas Workforce Commission manages these benefits. Beginning June 27th, 2021, the weekly unemployment maximum rate will be $535.

Learn more about Texas unemployment benefits and how to apply for them.

If you're interested in applying for SSI benefits or SSDI benefits in Texas, you can visit the Social Security field office nearest you (listed below). Visit to check your application status. If you're a disabled veteran, be sure to apply for VA disability benefits through the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

Texas Social Security Offices

SSA Field Office Locations in Texas
Texarkana SSA Office
5735 Summerhill Rd.
Texarkana, TX 75503
(866) 931-7675
Austin SSA Office
1029 Camino La Costa
Austin, TX 78752
(866) 627-6991
Dallas North SSA Office
10824 N Central Expwy
Dallas, TX 75231
(866) 572-2492
San Antonio Central
402 Isom Rd
San Antonio, TX 78216
(866) 571-0718
Houston Southwest SSA Office
10703 Stancliff Rd
Houston, TX 77099
(866) 592-1608
El Paso SSA Office
11111 Gateway W Blvd
El Paso, TX 79935
(866) 563-9310
Beaumont SSA Office
8455 Dishman Rd
Suite A
Beaumont, TX 77713
(866) 613-2864
Tyler SSA Office
5509 Donnybrook Ave
Tyler, TX 75703
(877) 319-5707
Amarillo SSA Office
4750 Canyon Dr
Amarillo, TX 79109
(877) 803-6318
Fort Worth SSA Office
819 Taylor St
Rm 1-A-01 Federal Bldg
Fort Worth, TX 76102
(866) 704-4858
San Angelo SSA Office
2851 Southwest Blvd
San Angelo, TX 76904
(877) 840-5742
Wichita Falls SSA Office
4314 Wendover St
Wichita Falls, TX 76309
(866) 815-9605
Brownsville SSA Office
3115 Central Blvd
Brownsville, TX 78520
(866) 964-6486
Corpus Christi SSA Office
3801 S Port Ave
Corpus Christi, TX 78415
(866) 613-2859
Waco SSA Office
1700 Lake Air Dr Ste A
Waco, TX 76710
(866) 964-6304
Lubbock SSA Office
5825 16Th Street
Lubbock, TX 79416
(866) 467-0460
League City
2835 Gulf Frwy South
League City, TX 77573
(866) 299-3254
Abilene SSA Office
1202 E South 11Th St
Abilene, TX 79602
(877) 607-9525
Port Arthur SSA Office
8208 9Th Ave
Port Arthur, TX 77642
(866) 964-1720
Paris SSA Office
2805 Pine Mill Road
Paris, TX 75460
(888) 619-4772
Big Spring SSA Office
2006 East Fm 700
Big Spring, TX 79720
(888) 748-2018
Lufkin SSA Office
702 East Denman
Lufkin, TX 75901
(877) 407-3442
Odessa SSA Office
2015 E 37Th St
Odessa, TX 79762
(866) 404-1866
Longview SSA Office
611 Clinic Dr
Longview, TX 75605
(888) 617-0455
Bryan SSA Office
2120 W Briargate Dr
Bryan, TX 77802
(866) 568-9428
Sherman SSA Office
600 East Peyton
Sherman, TX 75090
(877) 405-3521
Temple SSA Office
511 North Main
Temple, TX 76501
(866) 593-1341
Victoria SSA Office
8208 Ne Zac Lentz Pkwy
Victoria, TX 77904
(877) 229-3536
Laredo SSA Office
215 Calle Del Norte
Laredo, TX 78041
(866) 704-4857
McAllen SSA Office
3004 N McColl Rd
McAllen, TX 78501
(855) 886-9628
Brownwood SSA Office
300 Early Blvd
Space 28 Heartland Mal
Early, TX 76802
(877) 405-3630
Corsicana SSA Office
221 S 45Th St
Corsicana, TX 75110
(888) 456-9551
Eagle Pass SSA Office
406 South Texas Drive
Eagle Pass, TX 78852
(888) 862-4864
Greenville SSA Office
2717 Terrell Road
Greenville, TX 75402
(888) 306-3534
Palestine SSA Office
215 Medical Drive
Palestine, TX 75801
(866) 495-0089
Pampa SSA Office
2333 N Hobart St
Pampa, TX 79065
(877) 897-0603
Pasadena SSA Office
3300 Watters Road
Pasadena, TX 77504
(866) 563-4603
Dallas Fair Park SSA Office
2530 S Malcolm X Blvd
Dallas, TX 75215
(888) 717-1529
San Antonio NW SSA Office
411 Richland Hills Dr
San Antonio, TX 78245
(877) 697-4799
Dallas Oak Cliff SSA Office
2475 Cliff Creek
Dallas, TX 75237
(866) 931-4958
Houston Northwest SSA Office
16200 Dillard Dr
Houston, TX 77040
(866) 331-3277
Houston Northeast SSA Office
5414 Aldine Mail Rd
Houston, TX 77039
(866) 931-2729
Houston Southeast SSA Office
8989 Lakes At 610 Dr
Houston, TX 77054
(866) 404-1861
Mid Cities SSA Office
2010 N State Hwy 360
Grand Prairie, TX 75050
(855) 722-3499
Alice SSA Office
1000 Medical Ctr Blvd
Alice, TX 78332
(888) 388-8744
Harlingen SSA Office
2005 W Jefferson Ave
Harlingen, TX 78550
(866) 931-7075
San Antonio South SSA Office
3438 E Southcross Blvd
San Antonio, TX 78223
(866) 964-7432
San Antonio Downtown SSA Office
727 E Cesar Chavez
Rm 701 7th Floor
San Antonio, TX 78206
(877) 405-0482
Austin South SSA Office
5508 Hwy 290 West
Bldg B
Austin, TX 78735
(855) 221-3523
Mission SSA Office
1013 Business Park Dr
Mission, TX 78572
(855) 245-0647
Angleton SSA Office
2921 N Valderas St
Angleton, TX 77515
(866) 338-2940
Denton SSA Office
2201 Colorado Blvd
Denton, TX 76205
(888) 717-1530
Conroe SSA Office
600 Sgt Ed Holcomb Blv
Conroe, TX 77304
(866) 614-0032
Kerrville SSA Office
1060 Guadalupe St
Kerrville, TX 78028
(877) 895-0043
McKinney SSA Office
3250 Craig Dr
McKinney, TX 75070
(866) 931-2731
Cleburne SSA Office
1711 W. Henderson
Cleburne, TX 76033
(866) 227-1616
Brenham SSA Office
2901 Victory Ln
Brenham, TX 77833
(855) 287-4792
Marshall SSA Office
1509 Sedberry St
Marshall, TX 75670
(800) 467-5313
Seguin SSA Office
927 S St Hwy 123 Byp
Seguin, TX 78155
(877) 445-0831
Waxahachie SSA Office
100 Dean Box Drive
Waxahachie, TX 75165
(866) 563-1912
Houston Downtown SSA Office
8989 Lakes At 610 Dr
Area Support Unit
Houston, TX 77054
(866) 593-2846
El Paso Downtown SSA Office
600 Texas Ave
El Paso, TX 79901
(866) 964-6229
Fort Worth South SSA Office
2901 Altamesa Blvd
Fort Worth, TX 76133
(866) 613-2745
San Marcos SSA Office
900 Bugg Lane
Suite 200
San Marcos, TX 78666
(866) 388-8515
Georgetown SSA Office
Suite 150
3010 Williams Dr
Georgetown, TX 78628
(877) 531-4699
Dallas Pleasant Grove SSA Office
2300 Dunson Dr
Balch Springs, TX 75180
(855) 531-1683

Texas Hearing and Appeal Offices

Texas is in Region 6 (Dallas), which services Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Region 6 - SSA Office of Hearing Operations in Texas
SSA Hearing Office - Dallas1301 Young Street
Suite 460
Dallas, TX 75202-5433
(214) 767-9401
SSA Hearing Office - Dallas1301 Young Street
Suite 445
Dallas, TX 75202-5433
(214) 767-3344
SSA Hearing Office - Dallas1999 Bryan Street
Harwood Center, Suite 2300
Dallas, TX 75201
(866) 563-3885
SSA Hearing Office - Dallas12790 Merit Drive
Building 9, Suite 500
Dallas, TX 75251
(866) 331-7135
SSA Hearing Office - Fort Worth819 Taylor Street
Federal Office Building #9A27
Fort Worth, TX 76102
(866) 613-2744
SSA Hearing Office - Houston
4015 Aldine Bender Road
Houston, TX 77032
(877) 850-7829
SSA Hearing Office - HoustonSuite 200
9700 Richmond Avenue
Houston, TX 77042
(866) 779-5456
SSA Hearing Office - Harlingen2009 West Jefferson Avenue
Suite 200
Harlingen, TX 78550
(877) 452-6985