Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is available for Ohio residents who qualify based on their past work experience and their disability. 

The program is offered by the Social Security Administration (SSA), a federal agency with locations in each state to help state residents apply for and manage their benefits. Each Ohio Social Security office is responsible for determining one's eligibility for SSDI and dispersing their benefits.

Facts About Ohio

Ohio currently has a slightly higher-than-average percentage of adults with disabilities, when compared to national statistics, at 26.9%. Ohio also has more people with disabilities who are likely to be inactive, have high blood pressure, and be obese than adults with disabilities across the nation.

Fortunately, many disabilities and conditions make adults eligible for disability benefits in Ohio, including back injuries, neurological disorders, developmental disabilities, cancer, immune system conditions, and respiratory illnesses. However, it's important to get a medical diagnosis for any condition you'd like to note on your Ohio disability application.

How To Qualify for SSDI in Ohio

Ohio residents must meet specific eligibility requirements to get Social Security disability benefits. The SSA sets these requirements, but Ohio Social Security offices are responsible for determining eligibility for each applicant.

To be eligible, an applicant must be a U.S. citizen, be able to show proof of citizenship with a birth certificate, qualify by income level, and have a medically proven disability.

Each applicant should have plenty of medical evidence that supports a diagnosis for an SSA-approved disability, which may include:

  • Digestive disorders
  • Speech and hearing disorders
  • Visual impairments or blindness
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Mental health and neurological disorders
  • Cancer
  • Skin conditions
  • Immune disorders

SSDI also requires applicants to have enough work credits earned to qualify for benefits. Work credits come from employment, and they denote whether an individual has worked long enough and for enough hours to begin withdrawing SSDI benefits. Each person can earn up to four credits per year, and you'll need at least 40 credits to qualify for an SSDI benefit. At least 20 of those credits must be from employment within the past ten years.

How To Apply for SSDI in Ohio

An Ohio resident may apply for Social Security disability benefits through the SSA, either online, by telephone, or at their closest SSA office. There are currently 56 SSA offices throughout Ohio, located in areas like Cleveland, Medina, Akron, Toledo. Columbus, and Marietta.

The application can be lengthy, but it's important to follow each step thoroughly and provide all required documentation related to your medical condition. Doing so can help you reach a faster disability determination. If you require assistance with your application, you can appoint a representative to help. This can be a family member, attorney, or even a medical professional.

Some applications may be fast-tracked, depending on your disability. Ohio's military veterans may also have their claims expedited.

After applying for SSDI benefits in Ohio, applicants can check the status of their application on the SSA website. However, keep in mind that the SSA requires a five-month waiting time until benefits begin getting paid out, even if you are approved. The waiting period begins the first month after the SSA determines you first became disabled.

How To Appeal a Denial in Ohio

There are multiple stages of approving and denying disability claims in Ohio. Ohio citizens may appeal their SSDA denial at any stage, but the appeals process will be slightly different depending on the stage.

Either you or a disability lawyer can file an appeal for you. A Social Security disability lawyer can help navigate the process, which can sometimes be confusing and overwhelming. If appealing yourself, you may file your appeal online or by mailing the information to the address listed on your paperwork, which will likely be your closest Ohio Social Security office. You can find the addresses for local offices below.

Appeals begin with a reconsideration review by an administrative law judge, followed by the Appeals Council and a federal court review as the appeal continues through the process.

More Ohio Benefits

SSDI isn't the only form of assistance Ohio offers to citizens. Here are a few more common programs to consider applying for, depending on your situation:


SSI often gets confused with SSDI, but they're different programs offered by the SSA. Ohio SSI is for low-income children or adults with a disability that affects their ability to work or carry out important daily living tasks. Individuals 65 or older may also qualify for SSI if they don't have a disability.

You can apply for SSI through your local office, by mail, or online, but you'll need a different application than the one for SSDI to do so. Ohio SSA offices check an applicant's eligibility for both programs when they apply for one, which makes it easier to ensure you're getting the proper benefits.

Ohio Medicaid

Ohio Medicaid offers health coverage to eligible low-income residents. A person receiving Medicaid must be blind, have a disability, or be caring for someone with a disability, be responsible for a minor child, or be age 65 or older. Some groups, like children and pregnant women, are eligible for coverage in higher income brackets than others to better meet their healthcare needs.

Although not all medical services are covered, many are, including therapy for mental illness, short-term disability treatments, medical equipment, and speech-language pathology. However, some Ohio Medicaid services may require members to pay small co-pays.

Ohio Unemployment

Ohio unemployment benefits assist the state's workers who have been laid off from or lost a job through no fault of their own. The program comes from the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services and pays financial assistance for up to 26 weeks while the recipient looks for a new job.

To qualify for Ohio unemployment, an individual must have worked at least 20 weeks for a covered employer and be either completely or partially unemployed. Individuals must also have earned at least $243 within the required base period, or at least four of the five previous quarters.

Ohio Social Security Offices

SSA Field Office Locations in Ohio
Toledo-West SSA Office
4906 Monroe St Suite A
Toledo, OH 43623
(877) 274-5429
Painesville SSA Office
55 W Jackson St
Painesville, OH 44077
(877) 692-3143
550 Main St Room 2-960
Cincinnati, OH 45202
(866) 593-1519
Cleveland Dt SSA Office
1240 E 9th St
Rm 793 AJC Fed Bldg
Cleveland, OH 44199
(877) 378-9078
Columbus SSA Office-Dt
200 North High St Room 225
Columbus, OH 43215
(866) 964-1723
Akron SSA Office
2 S Main St 2nd Floor
Akron, OH 44308
(877) 600-2858
Lorain SSA Office
221 W 5th St
Lorain, OH 44052
(866) 530-7818
Ashtabula SSA Office
4815 State Rd
Ashtabula, OH 44004
(877) 223-6059
Mansfield SSA Office
1287 South Trimble Rd
Mansfield, OH 44907
(888) 491-1882
Lima SSA Office
401 West North St
Federal Bldg, Ste 101
Lima, OH 45801
(800) 223-0288
Toledo SSA Office Dt
433 N Summit St Suite 1000
Toledo, OH 43604
(866) 331-2196
Zanesville SSA Office
3823 James Court
Zanesville, OH 43701
(855) 884-3408
Youngstown SSA Office
354 E Federal St
Youngstown, OH 44503
(877) 714-0393
Springfield SSA Office
1610 N Limestone St
Springfield, OH 45503
(877) 405-1451
Hamilton SSA Office
6553 Winford Avenue
Hamilton, OH 45011
(888) 862-3585
Canton SSA Office
301 McKinley Ave SW Suite 100
Canton, OH 44702
(877) 255-1509
Portsmouth SSA Office
921 Fourth Street
Portsmouth, OH 45662
(866) 613-3961
Dayton SSA Office
200 W 2nd Street
Federal Bldg
Dayton, OH 45402
(888) 329-5724
Warren SSA Office
258 E Market Street 1st Floor
Warren, OH 44481
(866) 964-7339
Marion SSA Office
1363 Wellness Dr
Marion, OH 43302
(888) 475-0296
Athens SSA Office
743A East State Street
Athens, OH 45701
(877) 840-7683
Cleveland East SSA Office
3591 Park East Dr
Beachwood, OH 44122
(877) 402-0823
Cleveland West SSA Office
17513 Detroit Ave
Lakewood, OH 44107
(866) 964-4389
Steubenville SSA Office
100 Mall Drive Unit E5
Steubenville, OH 43952
(866) 253-6889
Sandusky SSA Office
252 Wayne Street
Sandusky, OH 44870
(866) 588-7397
Chillicothe SSA Office
44 Stoneridge Drive
Chillicothe, OH 45601
(877) 452-6971
Cincinnati North
10205 Reading Rd
Cincinnati, OH 45241
(877) 833-2704
Defiance SSA Office
273 Stadium Dr
Defiance, OH 43512
(877) 600-2860
Findlay SSA Office
1720 E Melrose Ave
Findlay, OH 45840
(877) 628-6548
Marietta SSA Office
1301 Greene Street
Marietta, OH 45750
(855) 433-5872
Newark SSA Office
125 Derby Downs Rd
Newark, OH 43055
(866) 737-3514
New Philadelphia SSA Office
1260 Monroe St NW Suite 1C
New Philadelphia, OH 44663
(866) 731-4236
East Liverpool SSA Office
120 East Fourth Street
East Liverpool, OH 43920
(855) 269-9178
Piqua SSA Office
277 S Looney Rd
Piqua, OH 45356
(866) 931-2520
Lancaster SSA Office
252 Venture Place
Lancaster, OH 43130
(877) 841-5712
Wooster SSA Office
2345 Gateway Dr Ste B
Wooster, OH 44691
(877) 319-0729
Ironton SSA Office
611 Vernon Street
Ironton, OH 45638
(866) 789-1073
Akron-West SSA Office
2166 Romig Rd
Akron, OH 44320
(866) 837-5359
Cleveland Ne SSA Office
15250 S. Waterloo Rd
Cleveland, OH 44110
(866) 592-1802
Cleveland Se SSA Office
18711 Miles Ave
Warrensville Hts, OH 44128
(877) 405-0474
Dayton-West SSA Office
4375 Hoover Ave
Dayton, OH 45417
(877) 895-0038
Cleve Buckeye Shaker
11601 Shaker Blvd
Cleveland, OH 44120
(877) 635-3546
Cleveland NW SSA Office
7517 Lorain Ave
Cleveland, OH 44102
(877) 876-3172
Cleveland SW SSA Office
7344 Pearl Rd Suite 101
Middleburg Hts, OH 44130
(866) 931-9176
Batavia SSA Office
1050 Hospital Dr
Batavia, OH 45103
(800) 453-0494
Middletown SSA Office
3715 Towne Blvd
Franklin, OH 45005
(877) 457-1738
Ravenna SSA Office
444 Enterprise Parkway
Ravenna, OH 44266
(855) 863-3562
Xenia SSA Office
80 N Progress Dr
Xenia, OH 45385
(866) 755-5372
Medina SSA Office
4035 N Jefferson St
Medina, OH 44256
(866) 613-2774
Bowling Green SSA Office
745 Innovation Drive
Bowling Green, OH 43402
(866) 931-7674
Cambridge SSA Office
1225 Woodlawn Ave Suite 105
Cambridge, OH 43725
(866) 883-5281
Gallipolis SSA Office
2455 State Route 160
Gallipolis, OH 45631
(888) 397-6343
Fremont SSA Office
2220 Enterprise Street
Fremont, OH 43420
(866) 614-4760
Columbus East SSA Office
220 S Hamilton Rd
Columbus, OH 43213
(866) 592-0733
Columbus North SSA Office
1051 Worthington Woods
Worthington, OH 43085
(866) 789-0957
Columbus West SSA Office
1060 Georgesville Road
Columbus, OH 43228
(866) 656-0178

Ohio Hearing and Appeal Offices

Ohio is in Region 5 (Chicago), which services Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin. 

Region 5 - SSA Office of Hearing Operations in Ohio
SSA Hearing Office - Akron121 South Main Street
Suite 400
Akron, OH 44308-1426
(866) 708-3209
SSA Hearing Office - Cincinnati550 Main Street
John W. Peck Federal Building, Suite 4-510
Cincinnati, OH 45202
(877) 405-7672
SSA Hearing Office - Cleveland1660 West Second Street
Skylight Office Tower, Suite 500
Cleveland, OH 44113
(877) 402-0822
SSA Hearing Office - Columbus401 N. Front Street
Suite 400
Columbus, OH 43215
(888) 397-6870
SSA Hearing Office - Dayton10 N. Ludlow Street
Courthouse Plaza SW, Suite 300
Dayton, OH 45402
(888) 450-4590
SSA Hearing Office - ToledoOne Seagate
13th Floor
Toledo, OH 43604
(866) 783-7304
SSA Hearing Office - Pittsburgh1000 Liberty Avenue
Suite 2308
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
(866) 331-2291
SSA Hearing Office - Mars300 Seven Fields Boulevard
One Adams Place, Suite 200
Mars, PA 16046
(855) 278-4199