The Housing Choice Voucher program helps millions of Americans find access to safe, clean, and affordable housing. But for every household that is assigned a housing voucher, countless others remain on the waiting list. Often, the wait for rental assistance can take years, though some applicants can receive special treatment and be bumped to the top of the list.

Section 8 Waiting List: 6 Ways to Get Priority

There are several reasons why a local public housing authority may choose to move some eligible families to the top of the waitlist so they can find housing faster than others.

  1. Have Extremely Low Income
  2. Be Homeless
  3. Reside in a Shelter
  4. Have a Disability
  5. Be Over Age 62
  6. Be a Veteran

The demand for Section 8 housing assistance often largely surpasses the supply of housing units available for rent. When this happens, some eligible families may find themselves staying on a waiting list for months or even years. Before you start your application process, it’s good to be familiar with some of the reasons a PHA may choose to prioritize your application. That way, you can ask the right questions at the local level and find out more about your chances of getting placed into a housing unit more quickly.

What Is the Section 8 Waiting List?

When you apply for Section 8 housing assistance, the first step is to submit a preliminary application that outlines basic information about your household. Based on the information you submit, your PHA will determine whether you are eligible for the waiting list. If you are deemed eligible, you should receive a housing choice voucher if housing becomes available.

Unfortunately, there are currently not enough Section 8 housing units available to serve everyone who applies. Applicants are commonly placed on a waiting list until housing is available for them to rent.

The amount of time a household spends on the waitlist depends on many factors, and some household characteristics may be prioritized over others. Some applicants may remain on PHA Section 8 waiting lists for years before finally receiving their housing choice voucher.

By some estimates, only 25% of Section 8 applicants receive the housing assistance they need. To help find housing more quickly, many applicants choose to apply with several PHAs to be on multiple waiting lists at the same time.

How to Track the Status of the Waiting List

Once you qualify for Section 8 rental assistance and are placed on a waitlist, you can call your local public housing authority every 2-3 months to confirm that you’re still on the list and whether you’re moving up. You can also call your local HUD office and request the same information.

You can also check your status online. HUD offers a Wait List Check functionality that will allow you to view the status of your online application. You’ll need to visit waitlistcheck.com and be prepared to submit your name, year of birth, and Social Security number unless you’ve already set up a password.

The waiting period for a Section 8 housing choice voucher can be stressful and frustrating. Hopefully, once you know how to check on the status of your position on the waiting list, your stress level may drop. Above all, make sure you keep careful records of all correspondence from your local PHA and HUD. This way, you are protected in case a clerical error accidentally removes you from the waiting list.

6 Ways to Get Priority

Let’s take a closer look now at some of the ways to receive higher priority on a Section 8 waitlist.

1. Have Extremely Low Income

Verifying your household’s income and your family status is one of the first steps in the application process. This is likely the most powerful eligibility requirement a housing authority will consider when reviewing your application.

The Section 8 housing choice voucher program generally serves three income categories:

  • Extremely low – a household earns roughly 30% of the median income within the area
  • Very low – a household earns approximately 50% of its area median income
  • Low – a household earns around 80% of median income for the family’s immediate area

Most PHAs will prioritize housing options for extremely low-income families, followed by households with very low income and then those with low income. Approximately 75% of all applications a PHA accepts represent extremely low income families. If you know that your household can be classified as having extremely low income, talk to your PHA about what your income limits mean for having priority status.

2. Be Homeless

Those who are currently homeless represent a tremendously vulnerable population that many public housing authorities try to prioritize. As a result, you’ll find that it is extremely common for homeless applicants to move to the top of a Section 8 waitlist as quickly as possible. Make sure to check with your PHA about whether it prioritizes homeless applicants, along with how your PHA defines homelessness. For example, some PHAs will not classify applicants as homeless if they are currently staying with family or friends.

3. Reside in a Shelter

The goal of Section 8 is to get eligible families into safe and affordable homes of their own – off the streets and out of shelters or emergency housing. If an applicant is currently living in a shelter or emergency housing, a local public housing authority may give them priority and move them to the top of the waiting list as quickly as it can. Check with each PHA you apply with to find out how it treats this kind of applicant.

4. Have a Disability

In many situations, PHAs will give priority consideration to households with disabled members. This is especially true if those members are not being appropriately served by their current accommodations or if their current housing is aggravating a current medical condition.

For example, a family member with asthma may experience worsening symptoms if living somewhere with poor indoor air quality. You will have to submit appropriate medical documentation showing that the disability or medical condition exists and that it is being made worse by current living conditions.

5. Be Over Age 62

Since elderly U.S. citizens are often a vulnerable population, PHAs may prioritize households led by elderly members – defined as those aged 62 or older. One of the chief guiding philosophies of HUD is making sure that America’s elderly citizens have access to clean, safe, and affordable places to live.

6. Be a Veteran

Many veterans require assistance in finding safe and affordable housing after military life. HUD recognizes that helping U.S. veterans find appropriate housing is a huge step toward their successful transition from military to civilian life. If you or a member of your household has ever served in the U.S. armed forces, make sure to note that within your application materials, and be sure to include military documentation. To be given high priority on the waiting list, the military member must have been honorably discharged.

What to Do While You’re on the Waiting List

Even though it’s called a “waiting” list, you don’t necessarily have to be a passive applicant. There are some things you can do to still participate actively in the application process.

First, keep careful records of all written communication between you and your PHA and also notes from any phone calls. Government agencies can make mistakes. Documenting the process may end up being very important if there is a misunderstanding or clerical error.

Also, make sure to be responsive and communicate promptly. Any time you receive anything from HUD or your PHA, respond quickly so that they know you’re still enthusiastic and interested in the Section 8 program.

It’s important to update your local housing authority if there are any changes to your household or your income that could affect your place on the waiting list. For example, if you have a baby, a household member develops a disability, or you experience a change in household income, these are important facts the PHA will want to consider.

You can also apply with multiple PHAs at the same time. The more lists you’re on, the higher your chances of being awarded a housing choice voucher.

It’s a good idea to seek out Section 8 support and discussion groups online. You can find several groups on social media. Thousands of people across the country are in situations like yours, and it may help to connect with them to share ideas and experiences.

Perhaps the most important thing to do while on a Section 8 waiting list is to practice patience. You may be in for a long wait. But don’t give up. Stay in touch, ask lots of questions, and advocate for yourself and your household.

Section 8 Waiting List

As recently as 2018, more than five million Americans relied on Section 8 housing vouchers for some level of rental assistance. The program is comprehensive and far-reaching. For those who make it through the application process and are assigned housing, the Section 8 program can make a tremendous difference in their ability to find appropriate housing that is safe, clean, and affordable.

Being placed on a waiting list can be frustrating, but if your household falls into any of the special categories discussed here, you may be eligible for priority consideration. If you think any of these conditions apply, make sure to reach out to your local public housing authority for more information on how your case might be considered.